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Year

Day

July 29, 2020
Viewpoint

Surgical Outcomes Club

Achieving Critical Mass in Surgical Outcomes Research: The Changing Role of the Surgical Outcomes Club

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1921

This Viewpoint discusses how the Surgical Outcomes Club can adapt to meet the needs of the surgical research community and emphasizes its continued relevance in today’s research and health care environment.

Original Investigation

Analysis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism Screening Among US Veterans With Kidney Stones

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2423

This cohort study identifies the prevalence and variation in parathyroid hormone level testing among patients with kidney stones and hypercalcemia in the Veterans Health Administration health care system.

Invited Commentary

Underdiagnosis of Primary Hyperparathyroidism—The Need for a System-Level Fix

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2448
Research Letter

The Gender Gap in Surgical Residencies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2171

This cross-sectional study identifies surgical specialties with the greatest gender inequities among resident physicians and examines how long it will take for women in these specialties to reach parity with the overall resident and US population.

Comment & Response

Training of Male and Female Surgical Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2430

Training of Male and Female Surgical Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2433

Training of Male and Female Surgical Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2436

Training of Male and Female Surgical Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2439

Training of Male and Female Surgical Residents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2442

Training of Male and Female Surgical Residents—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2451
July 22, 2020
Original Investigation

Contributors to Increased Mortality Associated With Care Fragmentation After Emergency General Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2348

This cohort study identifies patient and hospital factors associated with increased mortality after emergency general surgery among patients who are readmitted within 30 days of discharge to a nonindex hospital.

Association of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass With Postoperative Health Care Use and Expenditures in Canada

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1985

This cohort study examines the preoperative and postoperative financial implications of a publicly funded surgical bariatric procedure.

Invited Commentary

Emergency General Surgery—To Regionalize, or Not to Regionalize, That Is the Question

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2353
JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Review of the French Working Group on Perioperative Hemostasis, French Study Group on Thrombosis and Hemostasis, and French Society for Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Guidelines on Management of Antiplatelet Therapy for Nonelective Invasive Procedures or Bleeding Complications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2162

This Clinical Guideline Synopsis reviews the French Working Group on Perioperative Hemostasis, French Study Group on Thrombosis and Hemostasis, and French Society for Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Guidelines on Management of Antiplatelet Therapy for Nonelective Invasive Procedures or Bleeding Complications.

Comment & Response

Surgical Jacket and Bouffant Use and Surgical Site Infection Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2165

Surgical Jacket and Bouffant Use and Surgical Site Infection Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2175

Surgical Jacket and Bouffant Use and Surgical Site Infection Risk—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2190
July 15, 2020
Viewpoint

Questioning Why More Patients With Colorectal Liver Metastases Are Not Referred for Metastasectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1460

This Viewpoint describes possible changes to the practice of surgical referrals for the resection of colorectal liver metastases.

Original Investigation

Response and Survival Associated With First-line FOLFIRINOX vs Gemcitabine and nab-Paclitaxel Chemotherapy for Localized Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2286

This case series evaluates survival and radiographic and serologic measures of responses associated with administration of FOLFIRINOX or gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel as first-line chemotherapy in patients with previously untreated localized pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.

Nasogastric Decompression vs No Decompression After Pancreaticoduodenectomy: The Randomized Clinical IPOD Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2291

This open-label randomized clinical trial examines the utility and safety of nasogastric decompression after pancreaticoduodenectomy by comparing the occurrence of postoperative complications among patients with or without postoperative nasogastric tube decompression.

Invited Commentary

Should All Patients With Pancreatic Cancer Receive Chemotherapy Before Surgery?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2302

Randomized Clinical Trial of Nasogastric Tube Placement After Pancreaticoduodenectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2305
Research Letter

Pacific Coast Surgical Association

Trends in Participation and Authorship of Women at the Pacific Coast Surgical Association Meeting, 2008-2018

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2182

This study investigates temporal trends in gender participation in membership, leadership, and presentations of women in the Pacific Coast Surgical Association.

Comment & Response

The Hydrocortisone vs Pasireotide in Reducing Pancreatic Surgery Complications Noninferiority Trial: Comparing Apples and Pears?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1998

The Hydrocortisone vs Pasireotide in Reducing Pancreatic Surgery Complications Noninferiority Trial—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2001
July 8, 2020
Original Investigation

Effect of Surgical Skin Antisepsis on Surgical Site Infections in Patients Undergoing Gynecological Laparoscopic Surgery: A Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 8, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1953

This double-blind randomized clinical trial compares rates of port-site infections, organ or space infections, and any type of surgical site infections among patients who underwent gynecological laparoscopies and received 1 of 3 types of skin preparation solutions.

Very Early Recurrence After Liver Resection for Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Considering Alternative Treatment Approaches

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 8, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1973

This cohort study examines very early recurrence following resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in the preoperative and postoperative setting.

Review

The Current Status of Women in Surgery: How to Affect the Future

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 8, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0312

This narrative review provides an overview of research delineating gender disparities in surgery and investigating the causes underlying such issues and proposes recommended action.

Comment & Response

Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction After Antibiotic Therapy vs Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 8, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2168

Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction After Antibiotic Therapy vs Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 8, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2187

Quality of Life and Patient Satisfaction After Antibiotic Therapy vs Appendectomy for Uncomplicated Appendicitis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 8, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2193
July 7, 2020
Special Communication

COVID-19: Beyond Tomorrow

Restructuring of a General Surgery Residency Program in an Epicenter of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Lessons From New York City

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online July 7, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3107

This Special Communication describes a New York City hospital’s restructuring of general surgery resident teams and educational infrastructure in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

July 1, 2020
Viewpoint

Dissecting the Important Difference Between Good Surgeons and Good Leaders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 1, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0805

This Viewpoint imparts a leadership lesson from a surgeon whose career has included 12 years as the chief medical officer of a very large medical technology firm.

Original Investigation

Association of Medicaid Expansion Under the Affordable Care Act With Breast Cancer Stage at Diagnosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 1, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1495

This cohort study uses data from the National Cancer Database from 2007 to 2016 to investigate the association between breast cancer stage at diagnosis and patient insurance status, age, and race/ethnicity before and after the expansion of Medicaid.

Engagement and Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Quitline Intervention in a Thoracic Surgery Clinic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 1, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1915

This cohort study examines factors associated with smoking quitline engagement and smoking cessation among patients undergoing thoracic surgery who consented to a quitline electronic referral.

Research Letter

Pain Scores in Geriatric vs Nongeriatric Patients With Rib Fractures

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 1, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1933

This research study compares the self-reported pain levels of geriatric vs nongeriatric patients with rib fractures.

Comment & Response

Evidence-Based and Patient-Centered Decisions Regarding Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 1, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1524

Evidence-Based and Patient-Centered Decisions Regarding Bariatric Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online July 1, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1530
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