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Year

Day

September 16, 2020
Viewpoint

Combating the Peacetime Effect in Military Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1930

This Viewpoint proposes the term peacetime effect to describe the erosion of skills needed by military surgeons during periods of relative peace and discusses partnerships for maintaining the edge in casualty care that may also benefit civilian trauma patients.

Original Investigation

Effect of Prophylactic Embolization on Patients With Blunt Trauma at High Risk of Splenectomy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3672

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether the 1-month spleen salvage rate among patients with splenic trauma at high risk of rupture is higher after prophylactic splenic arterial embolization or surveillance and then embolization only if necessary.

Association of Breast Cancer Surgery With Quality of Life and Psychosocial Well-being in Young Breast Cancer Survivors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3325

This study evaluates the differential associations of surgery with quality of life and psychosocial outcomes among women with breast cancer from 1 to 5 years following diagnosis.

Invited Commentary

How Should the SPLASH Trial Inform the Care of Patients With Blunt Splenic Trauma?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3687
Review

Perioperative Immunization for Splenectomy and the Surgeon’s Responsibility: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.1463

This narrative review provides information on infectious disease risk in patients who have undergone splenectomy and discusses infection prevention with a variety of vaccination strategies, including perioperative vaccination by surgeons.

Research Letter

Changes in Diagnosis of Thyroid Cancer Among Medicaid Beneficiaries Following Medicaid Expansion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3290

This cohort study uses the National Cancer Database to examine changes in rates of diagnosis of thyroid cancer among Medicaid beneficiaries after Medicaid expansion in 2014.

Comment & Response

Change the Trainee, or Change the Training Environment?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3775

Change the Trainee, or Change the Training Environment?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3790
Correction

Incorrect Study Type Given

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Surg. Published online September 16, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.4315
September 9, 2020
Original Investigation

Association of Race, Health Insurance Status, and Household Income With Location and Outcomes of Ambulatory Surgery Among Adult Patients in 2 US States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3318

This cohort study uses data from the State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases to examine the association of race, health insurance status, and household income with the location in which ambulatory surgery is performed among patients in New York and Florida between 2011 and 2013.

Evaluating the Association of Multiple Burnout Definitions and Thresholds With Prevalence and Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3351

This cross-sectional national survey of general surgery residents assesses the prevalence of burnout using a range of definitions and thresholds and associates the resulting estimates with suicidal thoughts and thoughts of attrition among general surgery residents.

Invited Commentary

Access and Care Disparities in Ambulatory Surgery Centers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3367

Broadening the Discussion on Physician Burnout

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3364
Surgical Innovation

Video-Based Feedback for the Improvement of Surgical Technique: A Platform for Remote Review and Improvement of Surgical Technique

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3286

This article describes Video-Based Feedback for the Improvement of Surgical Technique, a video-centered approach to coaching practicing surgeons.

JAMA Network Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Synopsis of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Pancreatic Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3751

This article summarizes “Diagnosis and Management of Pancreatic Cancer in Adults: A Summary of Guidelines From the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence,” which is aimed at improving outcomes in pancreatic cancer.

Comment & Response

Questions Regarding Association Between Preoperative Metformin Exposure and Postoperative Outcomes in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3769

Questions Regarding Association Between Preoperative Metformin Exposure and Postoperative Outcomes in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 9, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3772
September 2, 2020
Viewpoint

USMLE Step 1 Scoring System Change to Pass/Fail—An Opportunity for Change

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2836

This Viewpoint presents an opinion generally in support of the change in the USMLE Step 1 scoring system to pass/fail, with some reservations also expressed.

USMLE Step 1 Scoring System Change to Pass/Fail—Perspective of a Program Director

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2847

This article describes how the changes in USMLE Step 1 scoring to pass/fail may affect international medical graduates.

USLME Step 1 Scoring System Change to Pass/Fail—Perspective of a Clerkship Director

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2839

This Viewpoint offers a clerkship director’s perspective on the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 change from score-based results to pass/fail.

USMLE Step 1 Scoring System Change to Pass/Fail—Implications for International Medical Graduates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.2850

This Viewpoint offers international medical graduates’ perspective on the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 change from score-based results to pass/fail.

Original Investigation

Gender Disparity in Awards in General Surgery Residency Programs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3518

This survey study assesses the presence of gender disparity in award winners in general surgery residency programs.

Invited Commentary

Female Surgical Trainees and Departmental Awards: Narrowing the Gap

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Surg. Published online September 2, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.3532
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