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  • The Genetic Architecture of Depression in Individuals of East Asian Ancestry: A Genome-Wide Association Study

    Abstract Full Text
    open access
    JAMA Psychiatry. 2021; 78(11):1258-1269. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.2099

    This genetic association study investigates the genetics of depression across multiple data sets of individuals of East Asian and European descent living in different countries and within different nongenetic cultural contexts.

  • Mental Health of Young Physicians in China During the Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak

    Abstract Full Text
    open access is active quiz
    JAMA Netw Open. 2020; 3(6):e2010705. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.10705

    This cohort study assesses anxiety, depression, mood, and fear of workplace violence in a cohort of young physicians in China before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak.

  • The Serotonin Transporter Promoter Variant (5-HTTLPR), Stress, and Depression Meta-analysis Revisited: Evidence of Genetic Moderation

    Abstract Full Text
    free access
    Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011; 68(5):444-454. doi: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.189

    Two recent meta-analyses assessed the set of studies exploring the interaction between a serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and stress in the development of depression and concluded that the evidence did not support the presence of the interaction. However, even the larger of the meta-analyses included only 14 of the 56 studies that have assessed the relationship between 5-HTTLPR, stress, and depression.


    To perform a meta-analysis including all relevant studies exploring the interaction.

    Data Sources

    We identified studies published through November 2009 in PubMed.

    Study Selection

    We excluded 2 studies presenting data that were included in other larger studies.

    Data Extraction

    To perform a more inclusive meta-analysis, we used the Liptak-Stouffer z score method to combine findings of primary studies at the level of significance tests rather than the level of raw data.

    Data Synthesis

    We included 54 studies and found strong evidence that 5-HTTLPR moderates the relationship between stress and depression, with the 5-HTTLPR s allele associated with an increased risk of developing depression under stress (P = .00002). When stratifying our analysis by the type of stressor studied, we found strong evidence for an association between the s allele and increased stress sensitivity in the childhood maltreatment (P = .00007) and the specific medical condition (P = .0004) groups of studies but only marginal evidence for an association in the stressful life events group (P = .03). When restricting our analysis to the studies included in the previous meta-analyses, we found no evidence of association (Munafò et al studies, P = .16; Risch et al studies, P = .11). This suggests that the difference in results between meta-analyses was due to the different set of included studies rather than the meta-analytic technique.


    Contrary to the results of the smaller earlier meta-analyses, we find strong evidence that the studies published to date support the hypothesis that 5-HTTLPR moderates the relationship between stress and depression.