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  • Evaluation of Computerized Cognitive Training and Cognitive and Daily Function in Patients Living With HIV: A Meta-analysis

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    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(3):e220970. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.0970

    This meta-analysis uses data from randomized clinical trials to assess the association of computerized cognitive training programs with cognitive and daily function among people living with HIV.

  • Enhancing HIV Prevention With New Modalities and Routine Sexual History Discussions

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    JAMA. 2022; 327(15):1447-1448. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.3848

    This Viewpoint highlights the recent CDC updates to preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for individuals at risk for HIV and the implications for US clinicians.

  • Association of HIV Intervention Uptake With HIV Prevalence in Adolescent Girls and Young Women in South Africa

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    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(4):e228640. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.8640

    This cross-sectional study assesses the use or availability of HIV-prevention initiatives, biological and behavioral risks, and HIV-related outcomes among female youth in 2 provinces in South Africa.

  • Meningococcal Vaccination Rates Among People With a New Diagnosis of HIV Infection in the US

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    open access
    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(4):e228573. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.8573

    This cohort study examines uptake and time to receipt of the meningococcal A, C, W, Y vaccine among people with a new diagnosis of HIV.

  • Research Opportunities to Address Nutrition Insecurity and Disparities

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    JAMA. 2022; 327(20):1953-1954. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.7159

    This Viewpoint discusses moving beyond traditional food assistance programs in the US and the role of research in achieving nutrition security to identify evidence-based solutions and intersectoral actions to eliminate nutrition disparities.

  • Association Between Psoriasis and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Among Outpatient US Adults

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    JAMA Dermatol. 2022; doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2022.1609

    This cross-sectional study uses data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the association between psoriasis and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease among outpatient US adults.

  • Social Network–Based Strategies to Improve Uptake of HIV Testing and Linkage to Care Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Sub-Saharan Africa

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    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(2):e220155. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.0155
  • Long-term Outcomes Following Kidney and Liver Transplant in Recipients With HIV

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    JAMA Surg. 2022; 157(3):240-247. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2021.6798

    This cohort study compares the long-term outcomes of kidney transplant and liver transplant in HIV-positive recipients with matched HIV-negative recipients.

  • Collaboration and Shared Decision-Making Between Patients and Clinicians in Preventive Health Care Decisions and US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendations

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    JAMA. 2022; 327(12):1171-1176. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.3267

    This methods report from the US Preventive Services Task Force reviews the ethical and scientific principles behind shared decision-making, highlights the value of ensuring that patients are informed and involved in their care, and reaffirms the role of shared decision-making in making patient-centered decisions about prevention.

  • Attacks on Health Care in the War in Ukraine: International Law and the Need for Accountability

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    JAMA. 2022; 327(16):1541-1542. doi: 10.1001/jama.2022.6045

    This Viewpoint from Gostin and Rubenstein examine the violence against health care workers and institutions in the war in Ukraine and potential paths to hold those perpetuating such attacks accountable.

  • Perspectives on Racism in Health Care Among Black Veterans With Chronic Kidney Disease

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    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(5):e2211900. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.11900

    This qualitative study investigates the health care experiences and racial discrimination encountered by Black veterans with chronic kidney disease in the US.

  • Utility of Biomarkers for Sepsis-Associated Acute Kidney Injury Staging

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    open access
    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(5):e2212709. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.12709

    This cohort study examines associations between urinary levels of 2 cell-cycle arrest biomarkers and 30-day survival among patients with septic shock who developed acute kidney injury staged based on kidney function.

  • Evaluation of the iCARE Nigeria Pilot Intervention Using Social Media and Peer Navigation to Promote HIV Testing and Linkage to Care Among High-Risk Young Men: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

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    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(2):e220148. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.0148

    This nonrandomized controlled trial reports 12-month findings from a combination intervention that uses social media outreach and peer navigation to promote HIV testing and facilitate linkage to care among youths and young men in Nigeria who are at high risk of HIV infection.

  • Accessible Hepatitis C Care for People Who Inject Drugs: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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    JAMA Intern Med. 2022; 182(5):494-502. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2022.0170

    This randomized clinical trial examines the efficacy of an accessible care model for treating hepatitis C virus in people who inject drugs.

  • Evaluation of Trends in Preexposure Prophylaxis Prescriptions During the First 6 Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic in New York State

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    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(3):e224065. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.4065

    This cohort study uses time-series models to estimate preexposure prophylaxis prescription trends during the first 6 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in New York State in 2020.

  • Mortality Associated With Mental Disorders and Comorbid General Medical Conditions

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    JAMA Psychiatry. 2022; 79(5):444-453. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2022.0347

    This cohort study examines data from Danish nationwide registries to evaluate how comorbidity between mental disorders and general medical conditions affects life expectancy.

  • Rates of Guideline-Concordant Surgery and Adjuvant Chemotherapy Among Patients With Early-Stage Lung Cancer in the US ALCHEMIST Study (Alliance A151216)

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    JAMA Oncol. 2022; 8(5):717-728. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2022.0039

    This cohort study examines patterns of guideline-concordant treatment among patients enrolled in a US-wide screening protocol for adjuvant treatment trials for resected non-small cell lung cancer.

  • Association of HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Use With HIV Incidence Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in China: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

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    open access
    JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5(2):e2148782. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.48782

    This nonrandomized controlled trial evaluates the association of daily and event-driven HIV preexposure prophylaxis with HIV incidence in a cohort of Chinese men who have sex with men and are at high risk for HIV infection.

  • Correlation Between National Institutes of Health Funding for Pediatric Research and Pediatric Disease Burden in the US

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    JAMA Pediatr. 2021; 175(12):1236-1243. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.3360

    This cross-sectional analysis evaluates the correlation between National Institutes of Health funding and disease burden across pediatric conditions in the US.

  • Methamphetamine Use, Methamphetamine Use Disorder, and Associated Overdose Deaths Among US Adults

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    JAMA Psychiatry. 2021; 78(12):1329-1342. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.2588

    This cross-sectional study reports the patterns of methamphetamine use (eg, with or without cocaine, frequency of use, and injected) among participants in the 2015 to 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.